Bruno Jasienski: His Evolution from Futurism to Socialist Realism
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An admirable book on Polish author Bruno Jasienski. The book includes prose translations of a handful of his poems.
Bruno Jasieñski was a bilingual Polish-Russian writer who died in exile in Siberia in 1939. This volume traces his literary evolution. The introductory biographical sketch is followed by a discussion of Jasieñski's contribution to Polish poetry, specifically the Futurist movement which, like its parallels in Russia and Italy, revolutionized poetic language. An analysis and evaluation of Jasieñski's prose work sheds light on the relationship between politics and literature in early twentieth-century Poland and Russia. Most of Jasieñski's novéis and short stories were written in the approved Soviet tradition of Socialist Realism. His Man Changes His Skin is considered one of the best Soviet industrial novéis of the 1930s.
The author's comprehensive and skillful treatment of Jasieñski's literary production, the first to appear in English, also makes a valuable contribution to the knowledge of Futurism in Eastern Europe and Socialist Realism in the Soviet Union. The volume contains numerous quotations from Polish and Russian literature, both in English translation (prepared by the author) and in the original. It will be of interest tostudents of Slavic literature, comparative literature, and the literature of ideology.
Nina Kolesnikoff holds the Ph.D.degree in Comparative Literature from the University of Albería. She is currently Assistant Professor in the Department of Russian, McMaster University. Her articles have appeared in Canadian Slavonic Papers, Slavic and East European Journal, and Russian Language Journal.
A Biographical Sketch 4
Polish Futurism: Its Origin and Aesthetic Programme 10
The Poetry of Bruno Jasieñski and the Futurist Quest to Renovate
Poetic Language 23
The Lay of Jakub Szela and Folklore 59
I Burn París—A Utopian Novel 74
Bruno Jasieñski and Soviet Literary Life 1929-1934 86
Man Changes His Skin and the Industrial Novel 93
Socialist Realism in "Bravery" and A Conspiracy of the Indifferent 110
Grotesque Elements in The Ball of the Mannequins and "The Nose" 117
A Selection of Bruno Jasieñski's Poetry with Prose Translation of Each
A Selected Bibliography 142
Szela's farm hand, Wicus: U karasia kare skrzela, u szczupaka siwe. Nie udafo ci sie., Szela, to kochanie ckliwe. The device of parallelism also marks the meeting at the inn which is the beginning of the peasant unrest and the emergence of Szela as a leader. Imprisoned by his landlord, Szela withstands all the hardships imposed on him. His strong will and obstinacy are emphasized by a tetrastich: W sadzie drzewa grube, w bozym lesie grubsze. Nie wyp^dzic zycia z chtopa, jak sie. przy nim uprze.
composed of a series of monologues expressing the thoughts, feelings, and emotions of Pugachev and his fellow rebels. The story ofthe revolt serves only as a loóse frame for the lyrical outpourings and the descriptions of Nature. The Lay ofjakub Szela, on the other hand, is an epic poem, describing the Szela rebellion through a series of events; it has a well-defined plot and dynamic action. The accusation of plagiarism was certainly groundless; nevertheless it is true that Jasieñski drew general
destroys Germany, tnen Poland and Rumania attack the Soviet Union. The remaining Russians march on Poland and bring with them an epidemic of leprosy which kills all the inhabitants of Eastern Europe. Various epidemics are also responsible for the death of all the Italians, Scandinavians, and Dutch. The British die of hunger. Finally, it is France's turn. There is a dramatic decrease in the birth rate, then the Revolution breaks out, and all the French perish in a civil war. By the year 1940 the
Jasieñski is especially fond of short metaphoric descriptions of Nature, most of which depict morning or evening landscapes. An example is this image of a street bathed in the light of the morning sun: "In the lemon-rose light of the rising sun, the street lay before him in dazzling nakedness after immersion in the font of night; not yet muffled in a quivering blanket of heat, 108 Bruno Jasieñski: From Futurism to Socialist Realism it seemed to be breathing in the last atom of the waning
meniaet kozhu. Literaturnyi sovremennik, no. 5 (1934), pp. 153-155. SHAFER, N. G. "Romany Bruno lasenskogo." Diss. Kazakhskii pedagogicheskii instituí imeni Abaia. Alma-Ata, 1968. "Stilisticheskoe svoeobrazie romana Bruno lasenskogo 'la zhgu Parizh."' Filologicheskü sborniJt. Alma-Ata, 1963. SHTEINBERG, E. "O novom Tadzhikistane po novomu." Khudozhestvennaia literatura, no. 3 (1934), pp. 8-10. STEPIEÑ, M. "Od anarchizmu futurysty do rewolucji spolecznej." Prozaicy dwu- A Selected Bibliography