Bear Attacks: Their Causes and Avoidance (revised edition)
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Revised, updated, and with a new introduction by the author.
range, but then he had his dogs with him which helped keep the bear at bay. He said that his grandfather had shot and killed grizzlies by hitting them in the ear with .22 long rifle bullets. On the day of the mauling Kelly was unarmed as he and the hunters approached the moose carcasses at about eight o'clock in the morning with out thinking about grizzly bears. They were at the bottom of the hill where the carcasses lay when they saw a grizzly charging from about thirty-five feet away. When he
twenty-four hours or resulting in death. These included nineteen deaths and many cases requiring extensive hospitalization. In addition to the nineteen grizzly bear-inflicted deaths for which I have accurate accounts, Sgt. Robert Brown of the Alaska Department of Public Safety and Larry Kaniut have cursory records of an additional twenty-two deaths in Alaska.14 This brings the total to a minimum of forty-one through 1980.The extent of injury that characterizes grizzly bear attacks contrasts
Times Mentioned in Incident Account Noise Scream Shout Growl Fire gun (not shoot bear) 4 42 1 5 Passivity Faint, play dead, be passive Stand still Run away Drop a pack C l imb a tree 10 23 Other Action Toward Bear Throw object at bear Hit bear 39 15 28 9 3 Aggression without lnjur� 75 1 . Stand your ground or move slowly away, talking to the bear in a firm voice but not shouting. Be nonthreatening. If you think the charge suggests attack, use your deterrent. 2. Act as in 1, except
are unlikely to be found. Even in parks famed for their bears, such as Yellowstone, there are some areas where at certain times of the year you would be about as likely to meet a bear as you would a hippopotamus. Assuming that you know something about bears in general and the area you intend to visit, my next recommendation has to do with mental preparation related to injury. It holds whether you are car camping or wilder ness backpacking in bear country. Wherever bears are found, there is some
David Hamer and I measured the diameters of 104 grizzly bear feces, however, that we found in our study area in Banff Park. We found that sixty (58 per cent) of these had diameters of less than two inches. Obviously if only large scats were attributed to grizzly bears, we would have misidentified the bear species that left the scat more than half the time. What is worse is that large scats seem to be most often deposited by large bears, and so you have a good Grizzly bear summer scat. The bear