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Bamboo has emerged as the building material of choice for the twenty-first century. Designers in every fieldfrom architecture to aeronauticsare discovering ever more innovative uses for the miracle plant. Five times stronger than concrete and flexible enough to be woven like silk, bamboo has for millennia been an indispensable necessity of life for cultures around the world. Botanically classified as a grass, it is one of the fastest growing plants on earth. Its abundance and extreme durability have made it a natural choice as the raw material for fences and partitions. Indeed, in Japan, bamboo fence building has become an art form, and endless varieties of bamboo fences exist, from simple picket designs to elaborate fences woven with bamboo branches.
Bamboo Fences provides a detailed look at the complex art of bamboo fence design and presents these unique structures in more than 250 photographs and line drawings. Author Isao Yoshikawa gives a brief overview of the history of bamboo fence building in Japan and classifies the different designs by type. A glossary provides an explanation of Japanese fence names and structural terms. Yoshikawa explains how the wide range of fence designs had its origin partly in the full development of the tea ceremony during the sixteenth century, when elegant bamboo fences became important elements of tea ceremony gardens. Bamboo partitions were used in Zen temples, and from there spread to ordinary homes. Many fence styles are named for the temple in which the firstof their kind was built. From the widely used "four-eyed fence" (yotsume-gaki) and the fine "raincoat fence" (mino-gaki) to the expensive "spicebush fence" (kuromoji-gaki), the natural color andtexture of these exquisite bamboo fences could complement any landscape. Whether you plan to use bamboo to bring privacy to your yard, Zen to your garden, or are just seeking an environmentally friendly alternative to chain-link or wood; the simple beauty of these Japanese bamboo fences is sure to inspire.
Bamboo Fences Bamboo Fences Isao Yoshikawa With photographs by Osamu Suzuki PRINCETON ARCHITECTURAL PRESS NEW YORK PU B L ISH E D IN 2 0 0 9 BY PR I N C E TO N A RCHITE CTURA L P R ES S 3 7 E A ST S E VE NTH STRE E T N E W Y O R K, NE W YO RK 1 0 0 0 3 F O R A F R E E CA TA L O G O F BOOK S , CALL 1.800.722.6657. V I SIT O U R WE BSITE A T WWW.P AP R ES S .COM. F I R S T P U BLISHED IN JAPAN UNDER THE TITLE TH E B AM B OO F E NCE S OF J APA N I N 1988 B Y G R A PH I C - SHA PUBL ISHING COMP
left Very tall Kinkakuji fence with two garadake bamboo horizontal poles and one of split bamboo at the base Ikegami Baien, Tokyo Tall Kinkakuji fence with a splitbamboo horizontal support pole at the center Hama Rikyu garden, Tokyo bottom right Low Kinkakuji fence built on a slant along a stone stairway Reiganji Temple, Kyoto K I nKAK uJI FEncE top gate-front Kinkakuji fence Jishoji Temple, Kyoto bottom unique Kinkakuji fence with three horizontal frame poles Rengeji Temple, Tokyo 83
frets Seiryoji Temple, Kyoto bottom Ryoanji-style fence with frets at a very acute angle Seiryoji Temple, Kyoto RYoAn JI FEncE top left Ryoanji-style fence with beading at the top of a stockade fence top right Seirakuji Keio Hyakkaen, Tokyo bottom left Small Ryoanji fence with horizontal support poles and beading of bush clover branches Shokado, Yawata, Kyoto pref. protective Ryoanji fence surrounding pine trees Kairakuen park, mito bottom right Ryoanji fence with two horizontal
path Korakuen, Tokyo right movable nanako fence urasenke, Kyoto 107 other Fences Additional fence types are described on the following pages through photographs. one more fence, however, deserves some mention in detail. The torch fence (taimatsu-gaki) is, broadly speaking, a bamboo fence with vertical pieces made of bush clover or spicebush branches bundled in the shape of torches. To avoid confusing this style with the teppo fence, which is sometimes constructed with bundled branches, it
Temple, Kyoto 115 Unique Fences Unique fences have been designed by a landscape architect to fit a particular garden. Most of these are constructed by adding a modern touch to a traditional bamboo fence style. The most common model is the Kenninji fence; its vertical pieces can be rearranged horizontally or diagonally and attached to support poles. Designers often give their creations an original name. Two well-known unique fences are the aboshi-gaki (net-drying fence) and the moji-gaki