Among the Prophets: Language, Image and Structure in the Prophetic Writings (The Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies)
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Prophetic symbolism is one of the key topics of this volume. On Isaiah, John F.A. Sawyer finds radical images of Yahweh, Kenneth T. Aitken looks at the metamorphosis of the key motif of hearing, seeing and understanding, Michael L. Barre examines lions and birds in 31.4-5, and Marvin A. Sweeney re-examines vmes(tm)s in 8.6. The imagery of Ezekiel is explored by Leslie C. Allen (the 'Death Valley' vision) and M.G. Swanepoel (Ezekiel 16 and female images of Israel), and Alan Cooper and Athalya Brenner write on the book of Jonah. Two essays of more general scope deal with the search for unity in Isaiah (David Carr) and the redactional shape of Nahum 1 (James Nogalski). An attractive and stimulating volume which reflects the liveliness of current research on the prophetic literature.
JOURNAL FOR THE STUDY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT SUPPLEMENT SERIES 144 Editors David J.A. Clines Philip R. Davies Editorial Board Richard J. Coggins , Alan Cooper, Tamara C. Eskenazi, J. Chery l Exum, Robert P. Gordon, Norman K. Gottwald, Andrew D.H. Mayes, Carol Meyers, Patrick D. Miller JSOT Press Sheffield This page intentionally left blank AMONG THE PROPHETS Language, Image and Structure in the Prophetic Writings Edited by Philip R. Davies and David J.A. Clines Journal for the Study of
f th e lamen t t o whic h Yahweh ha d bee n summonin g the m throug h th e Assyria n threa t (22.12-13), those wh o pass ove r t o Zion wil l do so with 'gladnes s and AITKEN Hearing an d Seeing 3 9 joy' (nnnio i pfafo , 35.9), 1 fear and sighin g having passed away. With th e exceptio n o f 29.17-21 , thes e reversal s ar e se t withi n th e context of Yahweh' s vindication of Zion throug h his judgment o n th e foreign nation(s) . Thus , 32.1- 8 follow s a n oracl e o f doo m upo n th e
verse a s its subject and provides a parallel base d on assonance fo r th e initia l ver b m's, 'reject' . I t als o form s a n appro - SWEENEY O n um esos in Isaiah 8.6 4 9 priate antecedent fo r the following direct objec t particl e an d provide s a syntactica l parallel wit h v . 7, whic h employs th e participia l for m ma'aleh, 'raise s up' , a s th e anteceden t fo r tw o objec t clause s intro duced by 'et. But the participial form of umesis presents a problem i n that i t i s a n
and the Philistines who jeer at Jerusalem. The Gottesspruch-formula i n v . 58 set s th e sea l o n the punishment for th e 'lewd and abominable conduct', which Jerusalem now must bear (DTIKC?]). Th e guil t is indicate d by th e indicative/jussiv e third-person perfect o f *m. The guil t (throug h th e punishmen t o f Yahweh ) i s a reproach i n th e eye s o f th e nation s (erstwhile lovers). A recognition of guilt is required, and the acceptance of the accompanying reproach. This i s als o th
Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1989) , pp. 84-95. The imagery appears to be restricted to individual psalms. 2. Untersuchungen, p. 390 . 3. Untersuchungen, pp. 376-77 . 4. Untersuchungen, p. 377. 5. Se e J . Krasovec , De r Merismus i m Biblisch-Hebrdischen un d Nordwestsemitischen (BibOr , 33; Rome : Biblical Institut e Press, 1977) , p . 118 ; K.-J. Illman , Ol d Testament Formulas about Death (Abo : Ab o Akademi , 1979) , pp. 164-68 . Cf. Wisd. 16.13 : 'For you have authority over life and death; you