A Guide to Old English
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A comprehensive introduction to Old English, combining simple, clear philology with the best literary works to provide a compelling and accessible beginners’ guide.
- Provides a comprehensive introduction to Old English
- Uses a practical approach suited to the needs of the beginning student
- Features selections from the greatest works of Old English literature, organized from simple to more challenging texts to keep pace with the reader
- Includes a discussion of Anglo-Saxon literature, history, and culture, and a bibliography directing readers to useful publications on the subject
- Updated throughout with new material including the first 25 lines from Beowulf with detailed annotation and an explanation of Grimm’s and Verner’s laws
bearowe 21/18; np bearwas 17/48, 18(b)/1363; dp bearwum 11(f)/2 bēatan VII beat, pound pres. ptc. gpm bēatendra 3/200; pres. 3s bēateð 18(c)/2265; pret. 3p bēoton 4/206, bēotan 17/23 beæftan adv. behind 20/112 beæftan prep. w.d. behind 6/24 bebēad see bebēodan bebēodan II (w.d. of person) command, commend pres. ptc. bebēodende 9/123; pres. 1s bebīode 5/21, 5/76; pret. 1s bebēad 2/24, 2/37; 3s 2/6, 4/87, 4/200, 20/38, 20/144, 21/49, bibēad 9/97; 3p bebudon 9/56; p. ptc. beboden 4/94, 9/25,
gōdra 10(b)/45; gpf gōdra 9/82; dpn gōdum 4/42; stout, brave asm gōdne 22/104 God m. God ns 1/10, 1/35, 2/2, 2/3, 2/55, 4/52, etc.; as 2/64, etc.; gs Godes 2/19, 2/61, 3/188, etc.; ds Gode 2/68, 4/242, 4/291, 4/299, 5/11, etc. god n. (pagan) god np godo 8/19; gp goda 8/16 gōd n. good, goodness, goods as 2/11; gs gōdes 12/176; dp gōdum 9/64; good thing (i.e. human faculty) gōda 20/32; good effect, success ds gōde 20/271; good deeds inst. s. 18/20 Goda pers. n. Goda ns 7/14 godbearn n.
English Literature: Critical Essays (New Haven and London, 2002) Daniel Donoghue, Old English Literature: A Short Introduction (Blackwell, 2004) Malcolm Godden and Michael Lapidge (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature (Cambridge, 1991). Poetry Texts §264 Good reading editions include those in the Methuen and Manchester series. The standard edition of Beowulf for students is Beowulf: An Edition ed. Bruce Mitchell and Fred C. Robinson, revised edition with corrections
§§157–160). number A grammatical indication of how many people, things, ideas, etc. are being referred to. MnE has two grammatical numbers, singular and plural. Meat is a singular noun and it requires a singular verb: ‘Meat is nutritious’ (Meat and is are singular in form). In ‘Some meats are too expensive’ meats and are are both plural in number. See dual. object See direct object, indirect object. Cf. §§143–147 (where object is represented as ‘O.’). oblique cases A collective term for all
antecedent.) See also relative pronoun. proper noun The name of a specific, unique person, place, thing, or group: e.g. Bede, Winchester, Scots, Blarney stone. In MnE proper names are almost always capitalized. quantity (of vowels) The relative duration of the vowel sound in a syllable – i.e. the difference between long syllables (e.g. OE stān) and short syllables (e.g. OE wer). See §26. recapitulation and anticipation See §148. reduplicating Repeating a syllable of a verb to indicate a