100 Group (Bomber Support): RAF Bomber Command in World War II (Aviation Heritage Trail Series)
Martin W. Bowman
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
As part of the AHT series, the airfields and interest in this book are concentrated in a particular area - in this case Norfolk.
The growing importance of the 'electronic war' in the air in 1943 caused the creation of 100 Group to fly both defensive and offensive sorties employing highly secret Radio Counter Measure equipment. The Group flew from airfields at Foulsham, Great Massingham, Little Snoring, North Creake, Swannington and West Raynham. The aircraft flown were Halifax, Beaufighter, Mosquito and Fortress. The Group included RAF Squadron numbers192, 169, 23, 171, 199, 214, 157, 85, 141 and 239.
This book looks at the history and personalities associated with each base, what remains today and explores the favorite local wartime haunts where aircrew and ground crew would have sought well-deserved entertainment and relaxation. Other museums and places that are relevant will also be described and general directions on how to get them included.
with the words ‘Night-fighting! It will never come to that!’ Hitherto, the night air-defence of the Reich was almost entirely entrusted to the Flak arm of the Luftwaffe. No specialised night-fighting arm existed, though IV./(N)JG2) JG2 equipped with Bf 109Ds was undertaking experimental Helle Nachtjagd (illuminated night-fighting) sorties with the aid of searchlights in northern Germany and in the Rhineland. On the night of 25/26 April a Hampden on a minelaying operation near Sylt became the
Beaufighter Strike wing. Typhoon Ia R7633 US-C of 56 Squadron suffered engine failure while flying in the vicinity and belly-landed on the airfield on 27 August 1942, injuring the pilot, Flight Lieutenant A. V. Gowers. In September 1942 Prestige & Co. Ltd began work on bringing the airfield up to Class A standard. The Oulton Street to Cawston road was closed to permit the main runway close to the north-west to south-east direction (not the most common position for the main runway, but the only
aircraft was established to carry out operational and non-operational trials appertaining to fighter equipment. Among the inventions BSDU developed and introduced into service, were a range of tail warning devices; homers such as Serrate IV, IVA, IVB and V; Hookah and interrogators like Perfectos I, IA, IB and II. During the period June 1944 to April 1945, BSDU carried out 114 operational sorties in Mosquitoes over the continent to test the various fighter devices. The crews who flew these
Smith DFM, returned triumphant, having scored 100 Group’s first victory, a Ju 88 near Duren. On 5/6 January, when Bomber Command raided Stettin, 141 Squadron mounted its last Beaufighter Serrate sortie of the war. Unfortunately, the war weary Mosquito IIs were found to be lacking in performance and problems with AI radar and Serrate took time to be rectified. (From February to March 1944 the Mosquitoes were re-engined with Merlin 22s and in the second half of 1944 they were supplemented by some
Co-operation, so that all aircrew for its new role of offensive night-fighting had to be posted in. No. 169 Squadron, the third equipped with Serrate, moved from Ayr to Little Snoring on 7 and 8 December. For twelve nights from 4 December, not one heavy bomber had operated because of a full moon and bad weather. When Bomber Command resumed operations on 16/17 December with an attack on Berlin by 483 Lancasters and fifteen Mosquitoes, two Beaufighters and two Mosquitoes of 141 Squadron took off